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各类汽车中英文对译

乘用车定义:包括驾驶座在内不多于9座,主要用作乘用的汽车,俗称轿车。PC=Passenger Car; PV=Passenger Vehicle; MC=Motor Car

1 乘用车(折背式车身、三厢车)/轿车 saloon, sedan, saloon car, 3-box sedan; 4门轿车 four door car

2 活顶乘用车(轿车) convertible (saloon, car), cabriolet, drop head; 活门活顶乘用车 convertible coupe, 2-door convertible, cabriolet coupe

2,3 运动型轿车,跑车 sport car, sport/sports car; 双门跑车 sport coupe, 2-door sedan

3 高性能乘用车,GT车,高速旅行轿车 GT car = grand touring car

4 旅行轿车 station wagon, WG = wagon, estate, estate car, estate wagon

小型乘用车(05年前大部分为双门,甚至为双门单排座,但近年来四门的日益增多,四门必为双排座)coupe

5 双门轿车 2-door sedan

6 客货两用车,皮卡,轿卡(在美国,皮卡属于轻型货车) PU = pickup/ pick-up/pickup car/pickup truck

7 休闲车 RV = recreational vehicle

运动型多用途车,多用途跑车 SUV = sport utility vehicle

超时乘用车 off-road passenger car

8 4门硬顶轿车 4-door hardtop saloon

9 无中(门)柱硬顶轿车 pillared hardtop saloon

10 高级乘用车,高级轿车 Pullman saloon/sedan, executive limousine

11 赛车 racecar, sport car

12 多用途乘用车,多功能车 MPV = multipurpose passenger vehicle, APV = all purpose vehicle; 单厢式车辆/轿车 one box vehicle; 短头乘用车(一半以上的发动机长度位于车辆前风窗玻璃最前点以后,且方向盘中心位于车辆总长的前四分之一部分内) forward control passenger car; 家用多用途乘用车 family MPV

专用汽车 SPV = Special-Purpose Vehicle Types

1 垃圾车 refuese truck / garbage truck; 自装卸垃圾车 refuse collector(collecting truck) / garbage collector (removal truck)

2 食品车 beverage truck

3 仓栅式汽车 stake truck / box truck

4 罐式车 tanker / tank truck/ tank lorry / motor tank truck

5 厢式载货车 van truck / box-type truck / van / van-type truck

6 救援车 wrecker truck / break down lorry

7 除雪车 snow remover / snow removal truck / snow sweeper

8 学生客车/校车 school bus

9 混凝土搅拌运输车 concrete mixer / truck mixer / mobile mixer

10 宿营车、旅居车 MH = motor home / mobile home / camper

11 救护车 ambulance car(van) / motorized ambulance unit / motor ambulance

12 汽车起重机 crane truck / crane mobile

13 集装箱运输车 container platform vehicle / container car(truck, carrier, lorry, vehicle)

14 摩托雪撬 snowmobile

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